Tag Archive | stephen krashen

THE KEY TO SUCCESS: THE MUTE PERIOD

” The best methods are the ones that do not force early production in the second language, but allow students to produce when they are ‘ready’, recognizing that improvement comes from supplying communicative and comprehensible input, and not from forcing and correcting production.” (Stephen Krashen)

The mute period is a silent period where one will be taking comprehensible input but still one won´t be able to speak fluent Spanish. This period varies in length, depending on many factors and it can last in avarage from 3 to 6 months, 1 year or longer.

First of all, understanding skills will be increasing gradually. This is a great moment to measure signs of improvement in comprehension. It will keep us incentivated and brighten up to be self- conscious of how we actually are moving forward.

A few days ago I was watching the news when Hollande, the current president of the French Republic, made a speech on the public tv declaring that ´he understood the message of the unhappy voters in the last elections´. I jumped from the couch in such joy, that my father was astonished to see that the disastrous election results by Hollande in our neighbour country could make me so euphoric. –« Dad, it has nothing to do with Hollande. It just so happens that I could understand his whole speech » – I exclaimed delighted- . This is the sign that makes me realize I am getting closer to accomplishing my mission :to speak French with francophones.

Nevertheless, after these sweet and euphoric momments, it does not mean that I have completely reached my goal.

We have to keep on doing active listening, listening and listening some more during this phase of language learning. Even so, nothing happens, nothing happens and nothing happens, in the sense that fluency is still not attained, and then suddenly, one day…SOMETHING BIG HAPPENS :¡¡¡words come easily and you can speak effortlessly!!!

THE KEY TO SUCCESS: SELF-MOTIVATION

«We acquire language in one way, and only one way, when we get comprehensible input in a low anxiety environment»- Dr. Stephen Krashen says, a famous linguistic specialized in the field of second language acquisition and bilinguism.

Being an innate human capacity, because we all posses a brain, two ears and eyes to assimilate a second language, there are 2 main barriers that interfere blocking the process of taking in Spanish:

1- Attaching to unefficient methods :

Old methods based on grasping at grammar, memorize long lists of vocabulary and filling in exercise books don´t make us fluent speakers. Instead, listening should be the core of learning.

2- One self´s emotions :

Perception of difficulty, anxiety, boredom and unclear goals are the perfect equation to drop before succeeding. By controlling these negative emotions and turning them into positive reinforcements, assuming that WE WILL SUCCEED, we will feel happier and gain self-confidence, getting the energy and motivation to take many smalls steps day by day.

The many small steps are the ones that make a huge difference in the medium term.

SPEAKING STRATEGIES: USE REAL MATERIAL

-“In the real world, conversations with sympathetic native speakers who are willing to help the acquirer understand are very helpful.” – Stephen Krashen-

By clicking the link below you will have access to a real conversation in Spanish. Kike met Carmen in the street and started to chat about Kike´s dog named Txomin.

They ended up discussing about animals in general. You also have the correspondent pdf text to follow the conversation:

3.MASCOTAS. CONVERSACION

Try listening to it once a day during a week and don´t panic if the first time you can´t understand 100%, it is normal. Do you think they speak too fast? It´s just a normal speaking rate, and if you travel to Spain you will hear much faster conversations than this one .It always happens that when we are learning a new language, we think that natives speak too fast.

Now, after one week of listening to this conversation, have you changed your impression? Do you still find It is too fast or can you understand the whole conversation without effort? Isn´t it great to understand what was just a jumble of words at first?